Transit-Oriented Focus In Vancouver, BC
Two goals in TransLink’s Transport 2040 strategy are to have most trips in the Metro Vancouver, BC, region occur by walking, cycling and transit and to have the majority of jobs and housing in the region located along the Frequent Transit Network. To that end Translink has created a number of transit-oriented development documents. Four of those have been added to the Resource Center best practices.
This literature review provides a research foundation to inform and support improved coordination of land use and transportation planning in the region. It has demonstrated, through reference to the peer-reviewed research, that the built environment and other factors strongly influence transit ridership. The existing literature suggests that the “Six Ds” of Destination, Distance, Density, Diversity, Design, and Demand Management have a significant influence on key transportation indicators, such as reducing VKT (Vehicle Kilometres Travelled) and increasing transit, cycling and walking mode share. These built environment characteristics and resultant transportation performance help define transit-oriented communities as being places that, by design, invite people to drive their cars less and walk, cycle and take transit more.
This document has been prepared to support TransLink in achieving its long-term targets by ensuring consistent quality and design of transit passenger facilities across transportation modes, facility types, and community contexts; strategically focusing future transit passenger facility investment; and reducing the cost for scoping, design and maintenance of new and upgraded facilities.
In response to requests from local government partners, TransLink has prepared this primer to highlight the key attributes of community design that most strongly influence travel behaviour. This is not an official policy document but is rather an effort to share current thinking on how community design can best support walking, cycling, and transit.
In order to further the development of more transit-oriented communities in Metro Vancouver, this document provides guidance for community planning and design – based on best practices – in the areas surrounding transit stations, exchanges, and stops.