hifting from a highway-centered federal transportation focus to one centered around transit is explored in a U.S.PIRG document. The specific greenhouse gas savings from using transit is explored in another document. Finally, the national numbers behind greenhouse gases are explored in a FTA presentation.
Critics question whether light rail can generate ridership in low-density, automobile-oriented, polycentric US cities with smaller downtowns. Proponents counter that convenient access to stations via walking, park-and-ride, or bus allow for the development of feasible corridors connecting major residential areas with suburban concentrations of employment and the CBD. With this in mind, the used multiple regression to determine factors that contribute to higher light-rail ridership.
Cross-sectional data on average weekday boardings were collected for the year 2000 for 268 stations in nine US cities representing a variety of urban settings. The resulting model may be useful as a first-cut, one-step approach for predicting demand for possible light-rail alignments.
Purchase full copy: Factors influencing light-rail station boardings in the United States (2003)
An examination of the relationship between transit ridership and urban decentralization, an evaluation of metropolitan travel forecasting models and a look at transit-oriented development experiences as lessons for Connecticut and New York have been added to the Best Practices.
A study looking at performance of bus rapid transit vs. light rail in Los Angeles and another comparing the American experience with BRT with successful international examples have been added to Best Practices.
A 2009 report by the Noell Consulting Group on behalf of University City Partners in Charlotte, N.C., estimating the development potential around five proposed light-rail stations has been added to best practices along with a study of the South End area of Charlotte from 2004.
Estimated Development Potential Around Five Proposed LRT Transit Stations (2009)
In the coming 27 years, the areas around the five University City-area transit stations could capture more than 5,600 new housing units, 2.4 million square feet of new office space (not including institutional space at CRI), and more than 1.3 million square feet of new retail space, according to the report.
The report estimates the value of development around the five station areas to total approximately $1.5 billion, not factoring in inflation, or more than $2 billion when inflation is factored in. When accommodating scheduled future property…
The effects of transit-oriented development on housing, parking and travel; the potential for the graying of America to increase transit ridership; and an article that empirically tests for positive network effects in transit use have been added to the Best Practices.
A trio of papers that look into transit ridership and the factors influence the decisions on how to get from here to there have been added to the Best Practices section.
Office Development, Rail Transit, and Commuting Choices
While housing is generally the focus of transit-oriented development discussions, job centers are equally important, according to a paper by Robert Cervero, professor and chair of the Department of City and Regional Planning at the University of California, Berkeley.
"In the end, concentrating housing near rail stops will do little to lure commuters to trains and buses unless the other end of the trip—the workplace—is similarly convenient to and conducive to using transit.," Cervero concludes.
In California, central business district office workers with rail stations nearby are nearly three times more likely to commute by transit than workers in decentralized employment centers. Factors…
The utilitarian 1970s-style streetscape of New York could be transformed into narrow European-style roadways shared by pedestrians, cyclists and cars, all traveling at low speeds under guidelines established by the city's first street design manual. And one of the first examples of this new vision will take shape near Times Square when a section of Broadway is turned into a pedestrian mall.