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TCRP Report 40: Strategies to Attract Auto Users to Public Transportation

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) and the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA) are both examples of recent federal legislation requiring improvements in air quality and congestion through more efficient transportation and an integration of multiple modes. Increasing public transit ridership has emerged as a primary goal of policy makers seeking to comply with legislation such as CAAA and ISTEA. Several policies are being examined for their potential to persuade automobile drivers to use transit. This report focuses on parking strategies as a means of increasing transit patronage for the work trip. For comparison purposes, this report also briefly considers some nonparking strategies, such as road pricing, to assess their effect on single-occupancy vehicle (SOV) use and transit ridership.