The primary goal of public transportation investments always has been to improve urban mobility. Nevertheless, it is well understood that transit projects, like all major public investments, can yield important economic benefits. Thus, along with mobility goals, economic development objectives frequently have influenced transit investment decisions, particularly new fixed-guideway systems.
Transit-oriented development (TOD) has become the dominant urban growth planning paradigm in the United States. Yet scant evidence has been proffered to indicate that it will produce significant environmental and social benefits commensurate with the costs of the major transportation system improvements that it requires.
Sixteen distinct planning issues will determine whether TOD significantly changes travel behavior in a metropolitan region. While some analysis exists, understanding of these issues needs improvement. In particular, more research is needed on non-work travel, retail market dynamics, and the likely constraints this $2.3 trillion area of business and human behavior imposes on TOD.
Over the past two decades numerous metropolitan areas in the United States have embraced the concept of transit-oriented development (TOD) in an attempt to control and manage the negative environmental and social impacts of dispersed growth patterns (Porter 1997). TOD, it…
Understanding transit ridership has become a critical research interest and policy goal. This document updates the popular report titled: “Public Transit in America - Evidence from the 1995 National Personal Transportation Survey” with data from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey. This new data provides a unique opportunity to develop a richer understanding of travel behavior and provide a resource to the industry in terms of specific analyses relevant to public transit. It characterizes public transit as it is today from a number of perspectives that are believed to be useful to planners and policy makers and it provides trend data for several critical variables that are important to public transportation.
The research reported here offers a new assessment of the fiscal impacts of transit oriented development associated with development of the Dallas Area Rapid Transit light rail system. The analysis considers development near existing and planned light rail stations. Our findings support the conclusion that the transit-oriented developments associated with DART Rail stations offer substantial fiscal impacts for local taxing entities.
There is an increasing interest in community walkability, as reflected in the growing number of state and federal initiatives on Safe Routes to School, the new concern over a national obesity epidemic (especially in children), and a wide range of policy initiatives designed to convince travelers to switch from auto trips to more environmentally sustainable bicycle and walking trips. In each of these cases, policy makers recognize walking as a key mode of travel and believe that increasing the number of walk trips is a key goal.
Cities across the U.S. are returning to an “old” technology – streetcars – to service all the new higher-density condo, live-work, and loft development occurring in their downtowns, according to a new book by the national nonprofit organization Reconnecting America. Street Smart: Streetcars and Cities in the Twenty-First Century
House Majority Whip Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) said Tuesday that his state should not get more money to build a high speed rail there, despite speculation that it stands to gain from Florida's rejection of $2.4 billion in federal funds. ..
Chairman DeFazio, Ranking Member Duncan and members of the Subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today. I am Shelley Poticha, President of Reconnecting America, a national non-profit dedicated to using transit investments to spur a new wave of development that improves housing affordability and choice, revitalizes downtowns and urban and suburban neighborhoods, and creates lasting value for our communities. We host the Center for Transit-Oriented Development, and thanks to language included by this Committee in SAFETEA-LU, receive federal funding to provide standards, guidance, and research on transitoriented development (TOD). The Center for TOD includes a web-based resource of best practices and cutting edge research, as well as the National TOD Database, the only database of every fixed transit station in America, and we provide technical assistance to the 40 regions that either have transit or are planning to build new transit lines. We study…
Toronto hit the news recently, with proposed budget cuts that may affect the city's libraries, police and public transit. The city councillor Doug Ford even made international headlines when he attempted to slough off criticism by the Canadian literary icon Margaret Atwood. He said: "If she walked by me, I wouldn't have a clue who she is."... Read On