URBAN ISSUESA Housing Solution Gone Awry
New York Times
In the early 1970s, the architect and city planner Oscar Newman came forth with a book and theory called "Defensible Space," which relied in part on data from New York City public housing to propose a set of design solutions to the mounting problems of urban living.
Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) has been embraced around the country as a means to achieve sustainability goals, including reduced auto dependency and traffic congestion, as well as improved economic competitiveness. However, the process of actually implementing TOD varies based on a variety of physical, economic, and market conditions.
Transit-oriented development (TOD) – typically defined as compact, mixed-use development within walking distance of a transit station – has emerged in recent years as a key strategy for fostering quality neighborhoods and reducing auto dependence. Despite the emphasis on TOD in many policy discussions, however, only limited information is available to help communities understand the likely development impacts of new transit investments. This report builds on a 2010 study by the Center for Transit-Oriented Development (CTOD), Rails to Real Estate: Development Patterns along Three Recently Constructed Rail Lines, to examine the opportunities and challenges involved in promoting TOD in different types of neighborhoods, and the strategies that may be appropriate to catalyze TOD depending on the neighborhood context. By examining development patterns and public investment strategies through the lens of “development context” or “neighborhood type,” this report…
Elizabeth Wampler and Abby Thorne-Lyman will be in the Twin Cities to meet with the Advisory Group for the TOD Priority Market Framework. The Framework will be an implementation tool to assist the region in prioritizing investment along transit corridors based on market readiness for investment, existing infrastructure for TOD, and social characteristics that connect people to jobs. This project is being funded by the McKnight Foundation.
TRANSPORTNo Freeway in West Salt Lake May Be Best Choice
Salt Lake Tribune
A freeway to carry heavy traffic north and south though west Davis County has been on Utah Department of Transportation drawing boards for years. The agency is ready to release its draft environmental impact study and name its preferred route.
URBANISM & DESIGNDowntown Fort Worth Seeks Pedestrian Focus
Fort Worth Star Telegram
Future development in downtown Fort Worth should be done with the pedestrian in mind but should also find ways to transport people to the Cultural District, the Stockyards and even Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, according to a draft report of a new strategic action plan.
This paper introduces ABODE, an agent-based model for Origin-Destination (OD) demand estimation, that can serve as a work trip distribution model. The model takes residential locations of workers and the locations of employers as exogenous and deals specifically with the interactions between firms and workers in creating a job-worker match and the commute outcomes. It is meant to illustrate that by explicitly modeling the search and hiring process, origins and destinations (ODs) can be linked at a disaggregate level that is reasonably true to the actual process. The model is tested on a toy-city as well as using data from the Twin Cities area. The toy-city model illustrates that the model predicts reasonable commute outcomes, with agents selecting the closest work place when wage and skill differentiation is absent in the labor market. The introduction of wage dispersion and skill differentiation increases the average home to work distances considerably. Using data from Twin…