Personal travel behavior choices made by employees appear to be influenced by a number of urban design and urban form characteristics of their work place. Several important attributes include the density of development and the accessibility of non-work activities, such as eating at restaurants and shopping (frequently accompanied by a greater mix of land uses). The research reported in this study focuses on travel choices made by employees during their commute to work and during their work day. Travel patterns were examined for employees in four different urban and suburban employment centers. The mix of uses varied from a virtual single use center to a full urban core with numerous types of activities. Walk accessibility to the various activity centers (or buildings) varied from site to site. The various sites also contain different levels of transit service.
The International Centre for Sustainable Cities (ICSC) is part of Canada's response to Agenda-21 of the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. The Centre receives support from the Government of Canada and in collaboration with other organizations carries out demonstration projects promoting sustainable urbanization.
One of the first of these projects is the Georgia Basin Sustainable Urbanization Project. An initial report was released in March of 1994 (The Cascadia Institute and The Discovery Institute, 1994). It provided bi-national policy context, a snapshot of current initiatives, and a basis for further work. It identified sustainability, transportation, trade and economic development as issues for the region.
This paper is based on the second report of the Georgia Basin project (Pivo, 1995a). It examines urbanization trends along "Mainstreet Cascadia", identifies growth patterns that promote sustainable development and points to "low impact…
Rotterdam's main shopping centre was severed by a busy traffic route. A multifunctional complex was built at the intersection of Beursplein and Coolsingel, supplying additional retail space, recreation, homes and car parking. Rotterdam's main shopping centre, consisting of the old zone, Beursplein and Hoogstraat, and the postwar Lijnbaan (by Van den Broek & Bakema), was severed by a busy traffic route, Coolsingel. The area needed upgrading with more shops, greater visual unity and improved connection between the two sides of Coolsingel. To this end, de Architekten Cie. built a multifunctional complex at the intersection of Beursplein and Coolsingel, supplying additional retail space, recreation, homes and car parking. The complex consists of two parts: Beurstraverse, a sunken and partly underground shopping street passing beneath Coolsingel, and a block with a shopping arcade and a residential tower on the corner of Beursplein and Coolsingel.