A comprehensive look at the performance of the New Jersey Transit Village Initiative. From September 2002 to October 2003, the Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center (VTC) at Rutgers University conducted an evaluation of the New Jersey Transit Village Initiative, funded by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT). As part of this evaluation, VTC has produced the following reports in our assessment of the Initiative
This digest offers a strategy to systematically evaluate the potential success of transit-oriented development. The digest identifies and evaluates various indicators of the impacts of transit-oriented development, provides the results of a survey of transit-oriented development indicators, and identifies ten indicators that can be used to systematically monitor and measure impacts.
Perth’s Network City: community planning strategy for Perth and Peel (2004) calls for 60 per cent of urban infill development to accommodate a growing population over the next few decades. Transit-oriented development (TOD) provides the possibility for this growth to occur in a more sustainable manner compared to past development patterns. TOD is a strategy that encourages mixed-use and compact development around public transport nodes. It aims to reduce automobile dependence, encourage economic development, and increase housing and lifestyle choice.
Transit Oriented Development, Making it Happen is a book about realizing the concept of Transit Oriented Development (TOD) in the United States and Australia. Edited by John Renne and Carey Curtis, this book contains a chapter by Reconnecting America staff members Shelley Poticha and Jeff Wood entitled Transit Oriented for All: Delivering Mixed Income Housing in Transit Served Neighborhoods.
The New Jersey Transit Village Initiative demonstrates a new role for state planning in the USA, one that is more European-like in nature. In an attempt to promote mixed-use, pedestrian-oriented, dense developments around transit stations in New Jersey – transit-oriented developments – the planning process has proven to be innovative and not typically American. This paper presents an overview of the Initiative and a summary of its evaluation. We conclude that the Transit Village Initiative in New Jersey is a good model of smart growth, which stems from active planning and intergovernmental cooperation on land use and transportation issues.
The states of California, New Jersey, and Western Australia encourage smart growth through the employment of transit-oriented development (TOD). This article documents each state’s approach and highlights the importance of interagency cooperation at the state-level and intergovernmental cooperation between state and local governments. This article discusses the importance of state government participation in the planning and creation of policy to facilitate TOD and recommends elements for a model state TOD program.
Physical inactivity contributes to a growing proportion of illness and premature death in the United States. Only about 45 percent of Americans meet the recommended national standard for physical activity. Yet, analysis of 300 surveys collected from train riders at three walkable New Jersey suburban train stations showed that 78 percent met the activity guidelines. A new train station that allows these riders to save time in their commute has attracted new riders and has led existing commuters to change their commute. One-third of those surveyed reported additional physical activity primarily because they walked more after leaving the train in mid-town New York City. Only 8 percent reported less physical activity. The analysis revealed that the new public transit station and personal factors associated with a greater likelihood of using mass transit led to more physical activity.
One of my favorite if not all out depressing CNU plenary speeches was from Robert Caro in Austin. It was a moving discussion about the impact that Robert Moses had one New York City. In Madison, we asked CNU President John Norquist about Robert Caro and the discussion turned to congestion. He states that if the USDOT wants to see a model of successful congestion mitigation, all they need to do is look up at Detroit. Check it out.
John Robert Smith, President and CEO of Reconnecting America, hails from Meridian Mississippi. As the former Mayor, he saw how even a small city of 40,000 can be the center of a much larger region, providing services for over 350,000 people. It might give us a little bit of a different perspective when it comes to smaller cities and urban areas.