Hedonic pricing methods explain the value of real estate in terms of the features of the property. This approach treats a certain property as a composite of characteristics to which value can be attached. The sum of the value of the individual characteristics makes up the value of the property as a whole. Studies on real estate prices generally categorise the value bearing features of properties into three types namely: physical, accessibly and environmental (Fujita 1989; Bowes and Ihlanfeldt 2001). Several studies have been conducted focusing on different features of interest. Accessibility as provided by different modes of transportation and railways in particular also received attention. In order to single out the effect of railway stations on property values, it is suggested in the literature that stations should be seen as nodes in a transport network and places in an area (Bertolini and Spit 1998). Based on this framework, recent empirical studies treat the node…
The purpose of the 2005 Development Related Ridership Survey was to update a 16-year old study conducted by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) that surveyed the travel behavior of persons traveling to and from office, residential, hotel and retail sites near Metrorail stations. The 2005 effort sought to determine if modal splits for these land uses have changed over time and whether certain physical site characteristics still impact transit ridership. In 2005, 49 sites of the land uses listed above plus entertainment venues near 13 Metrorail stations participated in the study, which was designed to mimic the earlier efforts as a way to provide some context for comparison.
Physical inactivity contributes to a growing proportion of illness and premature death in the United States. Only about 45 percent of Americans meet the recommended national standard for physical activity. Yet, analysis of 300 surveys collected from train riders at three walkable New Jersey suburban train stations showed that 78 percent met the activity guidelines. A new train station that allows these riders to save time in their commute has attracted new riders and has led existing commuters to change their commute. One-third of those surveyed reported additional physical activity primarily because they walked more after leaving the train in mid-town New York City. Only 8 percent reported less physical activity. The analysis revealed that the new public transit station and personal factors associated with a greater likelihood of using mass transit led to more physical activity.
In 1999, the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Board, in California, adopted a policy creating a framework for BART system expansion that placed new emphasis on cost-effectiveness, ridership generation, multimodal access, transit-oriented development, local partnerships, and the use of appropriate transit technologies. The board directed staff to develop criteria and a detailed process for implementing these goals. The resulting expansion planning process and criteria for the BART system, adopted by the BART board in December 2002, are described along with the method used to develop the criteria and process. Some of the implementation issues that have arisen are assessed.
Previous DART System Plans have been very specific about the types of technology and alignments to be followed, focusing on implementation of major fixed guideway projects. The 2030 Transit System Plan focuses on service strategies and the range of transit vehicle technologies that could meet objectives of selected transit service strategies. Thus, emphasis is placed on applying appropriate transit vehicle performance characteristics to mobility needs with the ultimate technology decision determined during subsequent, more detailed studies and alternatives analysis.
Glossary of Terms
List of Abbreviations
1. Classification of Transit Systems
1.1 Definition and Characteristics of Transit Modes
1.2 Street Transit, Semirapid Transit and Rapid Transit
2. Bus Transit System
2.1 Bus Vehicles
2.2 Bus Travel Ways
2.3 Bus Stops and Stations
2.4 Express Bus
2.5 Bus Semirapid Transit
3. Trolleybus System
4. Rail Transit Systems
4.1 Characteristics of Rail Transit Modes
4.2 Rail Transit Vehicles
4.3 Track and Rights-of-Way
5. Tramway/Streetcar and Light Rail Transit - LRT
6. Rapid Transit or Metro
7. Automated Guided Transit Systems
8. Regional and Commuter Rail
9. Special Technology Transit Systems
10. Transit Line Scheduling
11. Transit Planning and Selection of Transit Modes
12. Present and Future Role of Urban Transit