This annotated bibliography assembles a large body of literature related to the planning, design and siting of bus passenger facilities. Its organizing themes were conceptualized using brainstorming and nominal group techniques. The techniques were applied during an advisory group session held in Fall 2002. Session participants represented an array of specialties from the Florida Department of Transportation, such as pedestrian and bicycle transportation and livable communities planning, transit design and demand analysis, and roadway design. Other advisers in the session included the city’s transit agency planner, transportation consultants and academics, and landscape architects. The aim of this compilation is to offer to planners and transit planners, and most particularly to those planning bus transit facilities, a variety of sources to the relevant literature concerning good bus passenger facility planning, siting and design. It is organized along the following themes.
This handbook can be used for a variety of purposes. Transit agency directors and planners can customize these guidelines to provide specific physical design criteria within their agencies’ identity programs, capital resources, and operations. Land use planners and growth managers, traffic engineers and transportation planners, and bicyclepedestrian coordinators can work with their local transit agencies and Metropolitan Planning Organizations to integrate the standards and guidelines with local comprehensive plan policies, land use and concurrency ordinances, pedestrian plans, and street design guidelines. The design guidelines could also be used by a developer or builder who is interested in developing a project that is transit friendly or who is seeking to conform transportation concurrency requirements through transit provision.
Bus rapid transit (BRT) systems are found in cities throughout the world. Their operating flexibility and their ability to be built quickly, incrementally, and economically underlie their growing popularity. The systems vary in design, operations, usage, and effectiveness. Collectively, the case studies on BRT provided on the CD-ROM accompanying this volume give a wealth of information on BRT and how it should be planned and implemented. This report draws on the experiences of 26 urban areas in North America, Australia, Europe, and South America. Most of the BRT systems reviewed are in revenue services, and a few are under construction or development. Information was assembled for each case study on institutional arrangements, system design, operating practices, usage, costs, and benefits.
This report presents planning and implementation guidelines for bus rapid transit (BRT). The guidelines are based on a literature review and an analysis of 26 case study cities in the United States and abroad. The guidelines cover the main components of BRT—running ways, stations, traffic controls, vehicles, intelligent transportation systems (ITSs), bus operations, fare collection and marketing, and implementation.
Glossary of Terms
List of Abbreviations
1. Classification of Transit Systems
1.1 Definition and Characteristics of Transit Modes
1.2 Street Transit, Semirapid Transit and Rapid Transit
2. Bus Transit System
2.1 Bus Vehicles
2.2 Bus Travel Ways
2.3 Bus Stops and Stations
2.4 Express Bus
2.5 Bus Semirapid Transit
3. Trolleybus System
4. Rail Transit Systems
4.1 Characteristics of Rail Transit Modes
4.2 Rail Transit Vehicles
4.3 Track and Rights-of-Way
5. Tramway/Streetcar and Light Rail Transit - LRT
6. Rapid Transit or Metro
7. Automated Guided Transit Systems
8. Regional and Commuter Rail
9. Special Technology Transit Systems
10. Transit Line Scheduling
11. Transit Planning and Selection of Transit Modes
12. Present and Future Role of Urban Transit
In October 2002, ULI–the Urban Land Institute convened a panel of 14 experts in Washington, D.C., to discuss the topic “smart growth transportation for suburban greenfields.” The purpose of the forum was to stimulate a dialogue on the question of how the smart growth principle of expanding travel choices can be applied in emerging growth areas on the fringes of metropolitan development. Typically, these areas are developed in ways that depend almost exclusively on highways and cars as the chief means of transportation. The major question before the panel was whether and how greenfield development could be adapted to make use of other travel choices more feasible. A diverse group of real estate professionals participated, such as developers, real estate advisers, financiers, and land use planning practitioners, as well as representatives of federal, state, and regional transportation agencies and organizations.
North American municipal and regional planning authorities are pursuing urban growth management strategies that preserve or improve urban “livability”. In the Lower Mainland, concerns about air quality and traffic congestion are central themes in regional planning, such as the GVRD Creating Our Future program, and the Transport 2021 project. Growing communities throughout BC share similar concerns. These studies identify a larger role for public transit as a key strategy for achieving a reduction in the number of automobile trips and an improved urban environment. Achieving higher transit ridership is a challenge in an automobile oriented society, and transit agencies should not bear this responsibility alone.
Even with a considerable amount of attention being paid to the role of public transportation in addressing inner-city mobility problems, there is very little evidence of the degree to which one affects the other. In other words, little research has specifically focused on how labor participation is impacted by increases in public transportation availability. Research on the spatial mismatch hypothesis has dealt with the relationship between labor participation and the spatial separation of jobs and houses; however, most analyses concentrate on commuting time or distance as a function of auto accessibility. Few, if any, studies have considered the relative impacts of employment accessibility that results from public transportation services. This study uses a geographic information system (GIS) to analyze the location and employment characteristics of workers with varying levels of accessibility to transit. Utilizing a variety of spatial measures, a two-stage least squares…