The BART system, built in the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1960s, was the first regional rail system to be built in the U.S. in more than 50 years. Since then, urban rail systems have been completed in ten cities on the West Coast and in Vancouver, Canada. These cities have had varying levels of success in attracting transit-oriented development (TOD). Seattle can learn from these experiences, so it does not repeat mistakes others made and takes advantage of opportunities presented.
To understand more about what tools work best, this paper presents detailed case studies of representative transit-oriented development projects throughout North America. Lessons from these case studies and the implications for Seattle are discussed. These lessons will help evaluate what actions makes most sense for the city and its neighborhoods.
The twelve cases of transit-oriented development were selected because they represent comparable light rail station types and/or physical settings or…
TCRP Project H-4A is concerned with transit’s ridership and its share of the market. The project has examined a number of different policies that might be pursued at a local or metropolitan area level—with or without federal or state government encouragement—that have some potential for increasing transit’s market share, or at least maintaining it under otherwise unfavorable market conditions. The set of policies examined is a diverse and somewhat idiosyncratic one: it ranges from quite micro-level service adjustments made unilaterally by a transit operator, through initiatives requiring significant interagency cooperation, to strategies that would markedly affect the travel conditions of the whole metropolitan area, whether using transit or a private vehicle. The choice of policies was influenced, in part, by a wish to avoid otherwise promising options (such as parking management and pricing) that are the subject of more intensive investigation in ongoing TCRP peer studies.
Rotterdam's main shopping centre was severed by a busy traffic route. A multifunctional complex was built at the intersection of Beursplein and Coolsingel, supplying additional retail space, recreation, homes and car parking. Rotterdam's main shopping centre, consisting of the old zone, Beursplein and Hoogstraat, and the postwar Lijnbaan (by Van den Broek & Bakema), was severed by a busy traffic route, Coolsingel. The area needed upgrading with more shops, greater visual unity and improved connection between the two sides of Coolsingel. To this end, de Architekten Cie. built a multifunctional complex at the intersection of Beursplein and Coolsingel, supplying additional retail space, recreation, homes and car parking. The complex consists of two parts: Beurstraverse, a sunken and partly underground shopping street passing beneath Coolsingel, and a block with a shopping arcade and a residential tower on the corner of Beursplein and Coolsingel.