The sustainability of our cities—as measured by both the quality of life they provide today, and the long-term environmental protection they promise to future generations—will determine the future of our planet. Considering the host of social and environmental challenges we currently face—including global warming, air quality concerns, water scarcity, food and energy security, poverty and declining social equity—the global trend toward urbanization demands that cities will need to be a part of the solution.
New transit investments offer more than a means of moving people from one point to another; they can also be an opportunity to support, and in some cases, create communities by opening up new opportunities for people to gain access to, from, and within the neighborhood. By integrating land use, transportation, and housing policies to foster vibrant and safe mixed-use communities where residents, employees, and visitors can walk, bicycle, or take transit to…
This document is intended to provide the reader with the context and background that has helped shape the Portland Streetcar System Concept Plan. The document summarizes the technical research and experience to date with streetcar service in Portland and elsewhere.
This report documents the current status of transit in Charlottesville and Albemarle County. It then reviews the factors that suggest a greater probability of the use of transit, develops a composite index of transit use and identifies those corridors and areas most likely to support transit services within the relatively near future (two to seven years). Conditions existing in the study area today are described, including the patterns of development and transit service. Those geographic areas that are most conducive to public transportation, based on a range of transit-supportive factors, are then identified.
In 2001, the City of Minneapolis began construction on the Hiawatha Light Rail Line, one of the largest mass transit projects in the history of Minnesota. Opened in June 2004, this twelve-mile, seventeen-station line connects Minneapolis’s downtown with the Minneapolis- Saint Paul International Airport and the Mall of America. In addition to connecting major amenities, the Hiawatha Line runs through several of Minneapolis’s residential neighborhoods. To the extent that light rail increases accessibility and decreases transportation costs for nearby residents, such effects should be capitalized into local property markets.1 With this in mind, our paper examines the effect of the Hiawatha Light Rail Line on single-family residential property values between 1997 and 2006.
The emergence of new bus rapid transit (BRT) systems in recent years has prompted transit agencies across North America to establish new and unique identity programs that communicate various benefits of improved bus service. These identities and brands, however, rely largely on perception and emotional reaction, which are difficult to quantify. This lack of “hard data” makes the efficacy of identity systems and expenditures on them difficult to assess. This evaluation of 22 BRT identity programs examines the typical constructs used to establish BRT identity: visual identifiers, nominal identifiers, and color palette. Through analysis of these constructs, we find that when deployed consistently across a range of media, BRT identity may help to further build and reinforce a positive perception of BRT service and, by extension, a positive public image for public transit in general. We conclude that BRT identity must be flexible in design to accommodate future needs, plans for…
Thirty years after service first began on the Washington Metrorail, the system has become an integral and important part of the region’s transportation network. Metrorail ridership has increased over the years as the system expanded and the region developed. Ridership continues to increase as development occurs throughout the region, particularly near stations. Continued growth in ridership requires expansion of station facilities to handle passenger flow within the station, as well as expansion of facilities to support auto, bus, and pedestrian access to stations.
In order to meet growing demand and maximize capacity of the system, the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (Metro) initiated the Station Access and Capacity Study, a systemwide look at future passenger demand and available capacity. The purpose of the study was to identify and prioritize the needs of the existing 86 stations and identify stations where more detailed analysis is needed. The…
The tram was the world's first form of motorized urban transportation, It connected the fast-growing american cities with thier surrounding areas in an era when rural regions were still dominated by horse drawn carriages. In Europe at the beginning of the 20th century, hundreds of cities, from metropolis' such as Paris to small towns such as Bad Kreuznach, had tram networks to enable thier citizens to move around.
The proposed Central Corridor Light Rail Transit (LRT) line stretching from downtown Minneapolis to downtown Saint Paul has the potential to revitalize the neighborhoods it passes through. Projected to carry nearly 43,270 passengers daily by the year 2030, the line is an opportunity for significant investment in the local economy through transportation infrastructure improvements. When completed, the increased mobility and accessibility along the corridor will provide opportunities for increased economic activity and provide existing businesses with the ability to reach new markets.
Many of the business owners along the corridor, however, are concerned about the negative impacts the construction process may bring. The proposed transit line is scheduled to begin a three year construction phase in 2010. Construction of light rail, like any large construction process, can significantly disrupt the normal business operations along a corridor. Potential impacts include the…